"Alpine" is not specifically referring to the Alps, but rather to the area above the tree line (around 12,000 feet here in Colorado. . . until the climate changes). It's the elevation at which trees have too short a growing season. This may be due to low moisture, too low a temperature, or persistent snowpacks.
The alpine terrain is known as the tundra. These photos will show some of the typical growth found in this environment.
I think this is a Alpine Springbeauty Plant, Claytonia megarhiza, but they vary in description.
Mount EvansColorado SceneryMountain SceneryAlpine flowersAlpine Springbeauty PlantClaytonia megarhiza